How to Draw a Penguin

Do you want to learn how to draw a penguin? In this tutorial, I will show you how to do it step by step.

How to Draw a Penguin

These animals have a body that can be easily simplified without losing realism, so you don’t need to be an expert at drawing to try it! I will show you how to draw both an adult emperor penguin and a baby of this species.

1. How to Draw a Penguin’s Body

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 1

Draw a long, vertical oval. Sketch it lightly to keep these lines barely visible. This way, you’ll be able to cover or erase them later.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 2

Put a tilted oval on top. This will be the shoulder area.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 3

Put another oval on the bottom. This will be the under-tail area.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 4

Put one more oval on top. This will be a compressed neck.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 5

One more oval—this will be the head!

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 6

Outline the whole body as suggested by the shapes.

How to Draw a Penguin

2. How to Draw a Penguin’s Head

Step 1

Draw a curve across the head.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 2

Add another curve to sketch the structure of the beak.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 3

Add an oval almost at the tip of the beak. Make it cross the curve of the beak about one-third of the way from the bottom.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 4

Outline the head and the beak.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 5

Sketch the area for the eye, coming gradually to the actual eye:

How to Draw a PenguinHow to Draw a PenguinHow to Draw a Penguin

Step 6

Draw the eyelids.

How to Draw a PenguinHow to Draw a PenguinHow to Draw a PenguinHow to Draw a Penguin

Step 7

Add some details to the beak.

How to Draw a PenguinHow to Draw a PenguinHow to Draw a Penguin

3. How to Draw a Penguin’s Feet and Wings

Step 1

Sketch simple feet. The legs are hidden, so we only see a part of the calves and feet.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 2

Draw ovals around the legs to give them volume.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 3

Draw “tridents” to create a simple structure for the feet.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 4

Put an oval around each toe.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 5

Add oval-shaped toenails.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 6

Put some webbing between the toes.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 7

Add the oval shoulders.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 8

Sketch the shape of the wings.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 9

Add some volume-defining ovals.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 10

Outline the wings.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 11

Outline the neck and mark the center of the body to better see its 3D form.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 12

Sketch the pattern.

How to Draw a Penguin

4. How to Finish a Drawing of a Penguin

Step 1

Time for the final lines! You can now either erase the lines to fade them, switch to a darker tool, or put a new sheet of paper over the sketch. Either way, now you’re allowed to press as hard as you need.

Outline the whole body as the sketch suggests.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 2

Draw the details: the lines of the pattern and the scales on the feet (we only see them at a distance, so don’t worry about being very accurate here).

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 3

Shade the eye.

How to Draw a PenguinHow to Draw a Penguin

Step 4

Darken the parts that will be the darkest: the head, the band of the pattern, and the toenails.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 5

Darken them even more, adding some basic shading. Darken the pattern on the wing and the tip of the tail as well.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 6

The “cape” will be dark as well, just not as dark. Shade it gently, using many short lines that will simulate the feathers.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 7

Add some shading to define the 3D form of the penguin’s body.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 8

Finish the drawing by adding more of the same—more darkening, more shading—until you’re satisfied with the result.

How to Draw a Penguin

5. How to Draw a Baby Penguin

Step 1

Drawing a baby penguin is really similar, so it should be easy for you now! Sketch a circle. Again, this is the sketching phase, so keep the lines light.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 2

Put an oval on it, creating a snowman.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 3

Put half an oval on it.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 4

Outline the body.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 5

Add two ovals for the legs.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 6

Add ovals for feet.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 7

Sketch the wings.

How to Draw a PenguinHow to Draw a Penguin

Step 8

Mark the face area and sketch the eye.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 9

Sketch the beak.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 10

Draw a line across the middle of the body to show its 3D form.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 11

Add the toes and make the beak more detailed.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 12

Add the toenails.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 13

Mark the pattern on the head.

How to Draw a Penguin

Step 14

The sketch is done! You can finish the drawing now.

How to Draw a PenguinHow to Draw a Penguin

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How to Draw a Penguin

Good Job!

Now you know how to draw an adult penguin and a baby penguin! Do you want to try other easy drawing tutorials? Here are some propositions:

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How to Draw a Penguin